Because Urdu was the symbol of Islamic identity in Northern India, it was selected as the national language for Pakistan.
Hindustani was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian. Written in the Persian alphabet or Devanagari it remained the primary lingua franca of northern India for the next four centuries although it varied significantly in vocabulary depending on the local language and achieved the status of a literary language, alongside Persian, in Muslim courts.
From the grammatical point of view, there is not much difference between Hindi and Urdu. The barrier created between Hindi and Urdu is eroding: Because Urdu was the symbol of Islamic identity in Northern India, it was selected as the national language for Pakistan.
Urdu is also spoken by large numbers of immigrants and their children in the major urban centres of the United Kingdomthe United StatesCanada In urdu, GermanyNorwayand Australia.
Urdu does not retain the complete range of Perso-Arabic consonantsdespite its heavy borrowing from that tradition.
Its development was centred on the poets of the Mughal courts of cities in Uttar Pradesh such as Delhi, Lucknowand Agra. There have been attempts to "purify" Urdu and Hindi, by purging Urdu of Sanskrit words, and Hindi of Persian loanwords, and new vocabulary draws primarily from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
Despite this, Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other.
Urdu is therefore spoken and understood by the vast majority in some form or another, including a majority of urban dwellers in such cities as KarachiLahoreOkara DistrictSialkotRawalpindiIslamabadMultanFaisalabadHyderabadPeshawarQuettaJhangSargodha and Skardu.
Most of the nearly five million Afghan refugees of different ethnic origins such as PashtunTajikUzbekHazarviand Turkmen who stayed in Pakistan for over twenty-five years have also become fluent in Urdu. This can be seen in the popular culture of Bollywood or, more generally, the vernacular of North Indians and Pakistanis, which generally employs a lexicon common to both Hindi and Urdu speakers.
A number of daily newspapers and several monthly magazines in Urdu are published in these states. This variation of Urdu is sometimes referred to as Pakistani Urdu.
Most of the nearly five million Afghan refugees of different ethnic origins such as PashtunTajikUzbekHazarviand Turkmen who stayed in Pakistan for over twenty-five years have also become fluent in Urdu. Official status A trilingual signboard in ArabicEnglish and Urdu in the UAE A multilingual New Delhi railway station board Urdu is the national and one of the two official languages of Pakistan, along with English, and is spoken and understood throughout the country, whereas the state-by-state languages languages spoken throughout various regions are the provincial languages.
History[ change change source ] The origin of the Urdu language is the Mughal Empire 's word for army, Urdu. Urdu in Pakistan has undergone changes and has incorporated and borrowed many words from regional languages, thus allowing speakers of the language in Pakistan to distinguish themselves more easily and giving the language a decidedly Pakistani flavour.
Several languages and dialects spoken throughout the regions of Pakistan produced an imminent need for a uniting language.
In practice English is used instead of Urdu in the higher echelons of government. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words.
Minor subtleties in region will also affect the 'brand' of Hindustani, sometimes pushing the Hindustani closer to Urdu or to Hindi. Further, it is quite easy in a longer conversation to distinguish differences in vocabulary and pronunciation of some Urdu phonemes.
There are millions of Pakistanis whose native language is not Urdu, but because they have studied in Urdu medium schools, they can read and write Urdu along with their native language. With such a large number of people s speaking Urdu, the language has acquired a peculiar Pakistani flavour further distinguishing it from the Urdu spoken by native speakers and diversifying the language even further.
The syntax grammarmorphologyand the core vocabulary are essentially identical. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Persian, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words.
This literary standard called "Hindi" replaced Urdu as the official language of Bihar inestablishing a sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide that was formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence though there are Hindu poets who continue to write in Urdu to this day, with post-independence examples including Gopi Chand Narang and Gulzar.
With such a large number of people s speaking Urdu, the language has acquired a peculiar Pakistani flavour further distinguishing it from the Urdu spoken by native speakers and diversifying the language even further.Urdu synonyms, Urdu pronunciation, Urdu translation, English dictionary definition of Urdu.
n. An Indic language that is the official literary language of Pakistan, essentially identical to Hindi in its spoken form but in its literary form heavily.
Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language with about million speakers, including those who speak it as a second language. It is the national language of Pakistan and is closely related to and mutually intelligible with Hindi, though a lot of Urdu vocabulary comes from Persian and Arabic, while Hindi contains more vocabulary from Sanskrit.
Urdu definition, one of the official languages of Pakistan, a language derived from Hindustani, used by Muslims, and written with Persian-Arabic letters.
See more. The use of Urdu or Hindi in films depends on the film's context: historical films set in the Delhi Sultanate or Mughal Empire are almost entirely in Urdu, whereas films based on Hindu mythology or ancient India make heavy use of Hindi with Sanskrit vocabulary.
Urdu is a living language which, according to estimates, is spoken by close to million people around the world. It is the official language of Pakistan, a status which it shares with English. Welcome To Your And My Channel How to Urdu Asim is a young addicted YouTuber who is founder of How to Urdu.
He is 18 years old and living in Pakistan, Punja.Download